Radnicki 1923

Fudbalski klub Radnicki 1923 (Serbian Cyrillic: Фудбалски клуб Рaднички 1923), commonly known as Radnicki Kragujevac (Serbian Cyrillic: Рaднички Крагујевац), is a professional football club from Kragujevac, Serbia and the major part of the Radnicki Kragujevac Sports Society. The name Radnicki means "Labourers'" in Serbian and its roots come from the relation the club had with labour movements during the first half of the 20th century.

History

Early years

The club was formed in 1923, during an assembly in the Park restaurant in Kragujevac, under the name Mladi Radnik (English: Young Labourer). The first club president was Aleksandar Ratkovic. The first match played Mladi Radnik against local club SK Triglav and lost 2–0. The first visitor for a match against Mladi Radnik was SK Radnicki from Belgrade. The match was played on 16 August 1925, and SK Radnicki won 5–0. One week later, the club won its first match against Radnicki Nis with 7–1.

In 1929, Mladi Radnik changed its name to Radnicki, an adjective invoking labour and workers in Serbian, as its roots come from the relation the club had with labour movements during the first half of the 20th century.

The club's stature and significance began increasing from 1933. It got its own stadium in 1935, and the first match at the new stadium was played on 18 August 1935, against local rivals Slavija, which was won by 1–0 and the first goal scored Jeremija Nikolic. At that time the club had also a number of international matches. Radnicki was in the prewar years of the World War II host of teams like Olympique Marseille, Ferencvaros and Honved Budapest, Rapid Wien and some others. The club competed in the highest league of the Kragujevac Football Subassociation which gave access to the qualifiers for the Yugoslav Championship. Radnicki won the Subassociation league in 1934, 1935, 1938 and 1939, however it only managed to qualify once to the national league, in the 1935–36 season. They had a fierce rivalry with FK Sumadija 1903 in this period.

Tragic days (1941–1944)

During World War II, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was invaded and partitioned by the Axis powers, and Kragujevac were occupied by Nazi Germany soldiers and underwent a number of tragic days during war. The local population were suppressed and many Serbian civilians, as well Roma and Jews, were murdered or have perished in concentration camps. The follow, many citizens of Kragujevac joined the resistance in the country and fought against the fascist occupation. The Nazis had issued an order to kill 50 Serbian civilians for every wounded German soldier and 100 for each German soldier killed. Especially tragic was the days between 19–21 October 1941, when German Nazis assembled thousand of males from the town between the ages of sixteen and sixty, and were executed, today known as the Kragujevac massacre. Among the killed was many boys taken directly from schools and their teachers, which had a strong influence on subsequent generations of the city. The massacre was a direct reprisal for the German losses in battles. The executions in Kragujevac occurred although there had been no attacks on members of the Wehrmacht in this city, for the reason that not enough hostages could be found elsewhere. Radnicki lost during the war numerous players, club officials and a whole generation of club supporters. Therefore, comes mainly the especially deep-rooted antifascist attitude of the city, the club and its supporters. To commemorate the victims of the massacre, the whole village of Sumarice, where the killings took place, was turned into a memorial park, called Sumarice Memorial Park, and it was built the Museum of Genocide in Kragujevac, not so far from the stadium. After the liberation of Kragujevac in 1944, the club continues to rapidly develop into a bigger football club in the country.

1946–1970

In 1946, Radnicki played against Red Star Belgrade for membership of the newly created Yugoslav First League. There were so many fans that the City Stadium was too small to accommodate all visitors. Then, the city and the club decided to build a new stadium. After eight years of construction, the new stadium was ready to be opened. The official opening took place on 6 June, in 1957, against Partizan Belgrade and ended with 2–2. In 1969, Radnicki was promoted for the first time to the Yugoslav First League after beating Sutjeska Niksic and FK Crvenka in the play-offs. During the season, Radnicki had a great 4–1 victory over Partizan Belgrade at JNA Stadium. On this 7 September, in 1969, the Radnicki fans support their team particularly fanatical. The atmosphere was so fantastic that it was compared with the atmosphere at Old Trafford stadium in Manchester (statements from local and foreign journalists and opponents). On this day the Radnicki fans and the club were given the nickname Crveni Davoli (English: Red Devils), after the nickname for Manchester United. After that game, the Brazilian football giant FC Santos with the legendary Pele was so impressed by the atmosphere, instead of the friendly game against Partizan, they drove to Kragujevac and played against Radnicki. They were not disappointed. 40,000 spectators were in the Cika Daca Stadium and around the stadium were a further seven to eight thousand enthusiastic fans. Radnicki achieved in a legendary atmosphere a 4–4 draw. At the end of the domestic championship, Radnicki was 15th in their first top league season and the survival was ensured on the last round with a victory over Vojvodina by 1–0.

1971–1976

The 1971, Radnicki finished the season as 17th and narrowly avoided the relegation. The following 1971/72 season, the club returned to the Yugoslav Second League. However, the return to the first league is not a long time coming. Radnicki managed to get back among the best teams of the former Yugoslavia and to play two more seasons in the top division, before they went at the end of the 1975/76 season the way to the second division. Then comes the drought period of the club for two decades.

1998–present

Since the relegation in 1976, the club was no longer member of the top division. The civil war during the 90s (1992–1995), the inflation and the UN sanctions have hit the state and his population hard. The club relegated even several times in the third league, but the final return in the first league occurred in 1998. It followed the longest period in the first division, in total for four seasons, before they went at the end of the 2001/02 season again the way to the second division. In 2010, FK Sumadija Radnicki 1923 was a short lived name of the club during the 2009/10 season after the fusion with FK Sumadija 1903. The old name Radnicki was returned and changed to Radnicki Kragujevac. However, 2010 marked a turning point for the club, which achieved the promotion, and returning to the top flight, the Serbian SuperLiga, in 2011, where it remained until nowadays.

This page also has a version in other languages:  Раднички (@@русский@@)

Radnicki 1923

team squad

goalkeepers
OL
1
Ognjen Lukić
IR
21
Ivan Rados
LR
22
Lazar Raičević
SL
26
Stojan Leković
midfielders
ND
7
Nemanja Dragutinović
SK
10
Stevan Kovacevic
V
11
Vladimir Ćirović
Uros Vidovic
16
Uros Vidovic
AV
17
Aleksandar Varjacic (K)
OI
23
Ognjen Ilić
IV
32
Igor Vićentijević
DS
42
Dragoljub Srnic
VT
48
Veljko Trifunović
MB
55
Miloš Brnović
NR
80
Nikola Ristović
forwards
BB
9
Borisav Burmaz
M
18
Đorđe Maksimović
Marko Miric
70
Marko Miric
NK
99
Neđeljko Kovinić