Guarani Futebol Clube, commonly referred to as simply Guarani, is a Brazilian association football club in Campinas, Sao Paulo. Guarani is the only club from Brazil's countryside to have won the first division of the Brazilian Championship. The team currently play in the Serie B, the second tier of Brazilian football, as well as in the Campeonato Paulista Serie A1, the top tier of the Sao Paulo state football league.
It is also known as Bugre, a popular term for an Indigenous Brazilian, and its supporters are known as bugrinos.
Guarani Football Club was founded on April 1, 1911, in the city of Campinas, Sao Paulo, as Guarany Foot-Ball Club, by the initiative of 12 students from the Gymnasio do Estado (now Culto a Ciencia). The students, including Pompeo de Vito, Hernani Felippo Matallo and Vicente Matallo, usually played football at Praca Carlos Gomes. Vicente Matallo became Guarani's first president. Guarani was named after maestro Antonio Carlos Gomes' opera "Il Guarany". Antonio Carlos Gomes was born in Campinas, Brazil, and is one of the most distinguished nineteenth century classical composers. Guarani was officially founded on April 1, 1911, but to avoid April Fools' Day jokes by supporters of rival teams, the directors of Guarani changed the official foundation date to April 2, 1911.
In 1949, Guarani won Campeonato Paulista Second Division, gaining the right to play in the first division the following year.
As of 2019, Guarani is the only Brazilian countryside team to have won the national championship (not counting Santos; although Santos is not a state capital, it is located on the coast). The club won Campeonato Brasileiro in 1978, after defeating Palmeiras.
In 1979, the club was a semi-finalist in the Copa Libertadores, but was eliminated by eventual champions Club Olimpia. This run remains Guarani's best performance in international competitions to date.
In 2016, Guarani qualified for the playoff semifinals of 2016 Campeonato Brasileiro Serie C, thus ensuring its return to Serie B after a four-year absence.
This page also has a version in other languages: Гуарани (Кампинас) (русский)